Singapore math follows the Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract method. They start with teaching with hands-on, or manipulative objects, move on to drawing bar models and other visuals, and then finally to mathematical symbols and abstract learning. According to this method, for children to understand the abstract concepts of mathematics, they must first manipulate materials and understand those concepts in tangible terms. He called it the “concrete operational phases” of the learning process. Singapore math follows the natural and logical order of teaching, where every concept is taught gradually to develop a sound and strong understanding of mathematical concepts.

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## Why Use Math Manipulatives?

Math manipulatives are a research-backed and practical way of helping children ease into complex mathematical and analytical concepts. They build a solid foundation that has helped students excel in mathematics. Using manipulatives at pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, and elementary levels is a great way of developing strong mathematical skills from early childhood.

## What Can You Teach With Manipulatives?

Singapore math manipulatives can help teach the following mathematical concepts to children:

- Symmetry
- Mathematical operations
- Base-ten
- Problem-solving
- Geometric shapes
- Dimensions
- Patterns
- Balancing
- Sorting
- Spatial memory
- Counting
- Place value
- Ratios
- Fractions
- Algebra
- Computation
- And more…

## Singapore Math Recommended and Suggested Manipulatives.

If you would like to follow the manipulative recommended by your chosen curriculum, you can check the home instructor’s guide or the teacher’s guide on how to use and incorporate them into your lessons.

Below are the links for the recommended and suggested manipulatives for the following curriculums.

Recommended manipulatives for Dimensions Math.

Recommended manipulatives for Primary Mathematics (Common Core, US Edition, Standards Edition)

Recommended manipulatives for Primary Mathematics 2022.

Let us now look at the Singapore math manipulatives for children of different grade levels which have been adapted from the suggested manipulatives list from Dimensions Math.

## Recommended Math Manipulatives for Kindergarten

- Attribute Blocks
- Balance Scales
- Dice
- 10-sided Dice
- Dominos
- Dot Cards
- Dot Paper
- Five Frames
- Five Frame Cards
- Geared Clock
- Geoboard
- Geometric Solids
- Linking Cubes
- Number Cards
- Number Path
- Tangram Set
- Counters
- Ten Frames
- Ten Frame Cards
- Whiteboard
- Hundreds Chart
- Number Bond Template
- Play Money
- Ruler
- Yard Stick
- Two Colored Counters

## Recommended Math Manipulatives for Grade 1

- 10-sided Dice
- Attribute Blocks
- Counters
- Dice
- Dominos
- Dot Paper
- Ten Frames
- Geared Clock
- Graph Paper
- Hundreds Chart
- Linking Cubes
- Number Cards
- Pattern Blocks
- Place Value Chart
- Place Value Strips
- Play Money
- Ruler
- Spinner
- Tangram Set
- 2 Colored Counters
- Whiteboard

## Recommended Math Manipulatives for Grade 2

- 10-sided dice
- Balance Scale
- Base 10 Blocks
- Centimeter Cubes
- Counters
- Dice
- Fraction Circles
- Fraction Tiles
- Geared Clock
- Geoboard
- Geometric Solids
- Graph Paper
- Hundreds Chart
- Linking Cubes
- Liquid Capacity Set (Beakers)
- Measuring Tape
- Meter Stick
- Number Bond Template
- Pattern Blocks
- Place Value Disc
- Place Value Strips
- Play Money
- Ruler
- Tangram Set
- 2 Colored Counters
- Weight Set (Metric and Customary)
- Whiteboard
- Yard Stick

## Recommended Math Manipulatives for Grade 3

- 10-sided Dice
- Base 10 Blocks
- Compass
- Dice
- Fraction Tiles
- Geared Clock
- Geoboard
- Graph Paper
- Liquid Capacity Set (Beakers)
- Measuring Tape
- Meter Stick
- Place Value Disc
- Place Value Strips
- Platform Scale
- Play Money
- Ruler
- Set Squares
- Spinner
- Square Tiles
- Tangram Set
- Timer
- Weight Set (Customary & Metric)
- Whiteboard
- Yardstick

## Recommended Math Manipulatives for Grade 4

- 10-sided Dice
- Compass
- Fraction Tiles
- Graph Paper
- Liquid Capacity Set (Beakers)
- Meter Stick
- Pattern Blocks
- Place Value Decimal Strips
- Place Value Disc
- Place Value Strips
- Platform Scale
- Play Money
- Protractor
- Ruler
- Set Squares
- Square Tiles
- Tangram Srt
- Whiteboard
- Yard Stick

## Recommended Math Manipulatives for Grade 5

- 10-sided Dice
- Base 10 Blocks
- Centimeter Cubes
- Compass
- Dice
- Fraction Tiles
- Geoboard
- Graph Paper
- Liquid Capacity Set (Beakers)
- Liter Cube
- Measuring Tape
- Meter Stick
- Pattern Blocks
- Place Value Disc
- Place Value Strips
- Protractor
- Ruler
- Set Squares
- Whiteboard

**Do you have to get all the recommended math manipulatives in the curriculum?**

You don’t have to. You can always substitute with items you have at home or use a manipulative that your child prefers. You can always use printable manipulatives or digital ones as well.

When learning to count, add and subtract, you can use a variety of manipulatives such as counters and items from home (e.g. gummies, cereal) or an abacus.

## Where to buy manipulatives for Singapore Math?

Some places where you can get them easily would be Amazon, Rainbow Resources, Christian Book Distributors, or Oriental Trading.